Creating a Useless User
In my previous post, I explained how to do port forwarding to access some machine behind private network. I will use this method to fix some issues in our desktop at home or my girlfriend’s computer. Now, of course I don’t want to give them access to my server. But they also need to have a user in my server to be able to perform port forwarding via ssh. So I wanted to create a user with least privileges to make sure nothing goes wrong.
I searched the problem in it turned out to be very simple. You just need to add two additional flags to
adduser command while creating the user.
sudo adduser uselessuser --shell=/bin/false --no-create-home
uselessuser can’t do anything useful in your server. If they try to login, the connection will be closed immediately.
❯ ssh firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com\'s password: Could not chdir to home directory /home/uselessuser: No such file or directory Connection to remote.host closed.
But they can still do forward the remote port to their local machine.
❯ ssh -Nf -R 7777:localhost:22 firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com\'s password:
-N option is the most important one here. From the documentation:
-N Do not execute a remote command. This is useful for just forwarding ports. Refer to the description of SessionType in ssh_config(5) for details.
I love learning new things everyday. I knew setting the shell of a user to
/bin/false will prevent them from logging in. The reason I wrote this blog post is because 2 things I wanted to share:
- While looking for a solution to the problem I mentioned, I searched “create a user with no privileges in linux” and this came out. It is really interesting for me that another person wanted to do the same thing for the exact same reasons. They were also trying port forwarding via ssh and they wanted to create a limited user in their server to give friends. So the question was a perfect fit to the problem.
-Nflag of the ssh command was also surprising for me. It was like as if someone had encountered these problems before and just took the exact steps required to solve this problem for me. I mean look at the documentation. Crazy!